👁️Cataract :- is a condition occurring in the lens of the eye when proteins break down — usually due to age, physical trauma, or illness — and clump together. As these clumps grow and change, vision will become blurry; you may get double vision in one eye; your vision may turn yellow or become darker; or you may experience haziness like you are in fog. These protein clumps prevent light from passing through the eye as normal, so the images transmitted to the brain from the retina and optic nerve will be incomplete.
Treatment :- compound called 5-cholesten-3b,25-diolsterol improve lens transparency. The chemical binds to misfolded proteins in the eyes of mice, partially reversing cataracts.
@HealthCataract surgery is an outpatient procedure that does not take very long. Although healing can take several weeks and getting restored vision can take several months, the procedure itself is low-impact. Your eye surgeon will make a small incision in your cornea, and then another small incision in the capsule containing the lens of your eye. Finally, they will break up the lens with a probe, either using lasers to soften the lens first or just using sound waves to break the lens up. The probe will remove the pieces of lens, and then your surgeon will replace the lens with an intraocular lens (IOL), an artificial lens made either of silicone or plastic. This lens will take the place of your damaged biological lens.
💭Causes:- primary hypertension - Genes, Age, Living with obesity , Living a very seditary lifestlye , high sodium intake (more than 2 g a day) Secondary hypertension :- ▫️kidney disease, ▫️obstructive sleep apnea, ▫️congenital heart defects, ▫️problems with your thyroid, ▫️side effects of medications, ▫️use of illegal drugs
How to avoid :- Developing a heart-healthy diet , Increasing physical activity , Reaching an optimal weight , Managing stress , Quitting smoking and limiting alcohol , Add fruits and vegetables to your diet , Limit refined sugar , Monitor your blood pressure regularly, Reduce sodium intake
This question is sometimes difficult to answer accurately, even for medical professionals. In about a third of patients, the cause of their ailments can't be determined at all.
This is because there are so many possible causes. The pain may even be psychogenic, meaning that it is caused by stress or the psychological state of the patient.
In the abdominal cavity there are many internal organs and tissues. Pain may be in the intestines, stomach, liver, kidneys, gallbladder and bladder, uterus in women, as well as blood vessels and muscles that cover the abdomen.
And sometimes the problem is not in them at all, but, for example, in the heart - then we talk about irradiating (reflected) pain.
This is why it is so important not to engage in self-diagnosis, but to go to the doctor when you have alarming symptoms. A specialist will assess your well-being, take into account your lifestyle, eating habits, and events that preceded the onset of pain.
A proper scientific name for a blood pressure monitoring device is sphygmomanometer. For many decades, physicians used a manually inflated air-bladder cuff and a listening device called stethoscope to listen to arterial wall sounds. This is known as auscultatory method of measuring blood pressure. Using this method required some practice and it was typically performed by trained medical practitioners. Recent advances in medical technology paved way for inexpensive, easy-to-use, digital BP monitors that anyone could use in the comfort of their homes without specialized knowledge or training. A digital BP monitor uses an inflatable air-bladder cuff, a battery-powered air pump and a pressure sensor for sensing arterial wall vibrations to measure blood pressure in an artery. This is known as oscillometric method. There are two types of digital BP monitors: the upper-arm (shown above) and the wrist models (shown below). The upper-arm model has a cuff that is placed on the upper arm and is connected by a tube to the monitor that rests on a surface near the arm. The wrist model is smaller and the entire unit wraps around the wrist. Regardless of the BP monitor type, the measurement method is the same. A digital blood pressure monitor uses an air pump to inflate a cuff surrounding an upper arm or a wrist with sufficient pressure to prevent blood flow in the local main artery. This pressure is then gradually released using a digitally-controlled solenoid valve until the moment that the blood begins to flow through the artery. The blood pressure measured by a pressure sensor at this point determines the systolic pressure. Pulse rate is also sensed at this time. The measurement taken when the blood flow is no longer restricted determines the diastolic pressure. This complete measurement cycle is controlled automatically by the micro-controller.
1. Keep a positive attitude. 2. Accept that there are events that you cannot control. 3. Be assertive instead of aggressive. Assert your feelings, opinions, or beliefs instead of becoming angry, defensive, or passive.
4. Learn to manage your time more effectively.
5. Set limits appropriately and say no to requests that would create excessive stress in your life.
6. Make time for hobbies and interests. 7. Don't rely on alcohol, drugs, or compulsive behaviors to reduce stress. Drugs and alcohol can stress your body even more.