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The idea of ‘Biosphere Reserves’ was initiated by UNESCO in 1973-74 under its Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme.
The MAB,launched in 1970 by UNESCO, is a broad-based ecological programme aimed to develop within the natural and social sciences
a basis for the rational use and conservation of the resources of the biosphere and for the improvement of the relationship between man
and the environment, to predict the consequences of today’s actions
on tomorrow’s world and thereby to increase man’s ability to manage efficiently the natural resources of the biosphere.
The Indian National Man and Biosphere (MAB) Committee identifies and recommends potential sites for designation as Biosphere Reserves, following the UNESCO’s guidelines and criteria.
There are 18 designated Biosphere Reserves (BRs) in all.
Out of 18 Biosphere Reserves, 10 Biosphere Reserves have been included in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves of UNESCO.
There are 18 biosphere reserves in India:
Cold Desert, Himachal Pradesh
Nanda Devi, Uttrakhand
Dehang-Debang, Arunachal Pradesh
Panna, Madhya Pradesh
Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh
Achanakmar-Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh-Chhattisgarh
Kachchh, Gujarat (Largest Area)
Sundarban, West Bengal
Seshachalam, Andhra Pradesh
Agasthyamala, Karnataka-Tamil Nadu-Kerala
Nilgiri, Tamil Nadu-Kerala (First to be Included)
Gulf of Mannar, Tamil Nadu
Great Nicobar, Andaman & Nicobar Island
The largest Biosphere reserve in India is the Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat and the smallest Biosphere Reserve in India is Dibru-Saikhowa in Assam.https://t.me/csecrackupsc/15857